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Subject-verb agreement is a crucial aspect of English grammar that ensures the clarity and coherence of any written piece. When it comes to using “and” in a sentence, it becomes important to maintain the correct subject-verb agreement to avoid any confusion or grammatical errors. In this article, we will explore the rules of subject-verb agreement using “and” and provide examples to help you understand them better.

The basic rule of subject-verb agreement states that a singular subject requires a singular verb, and a plural subject requires a plural verb. This rule applies when using “and” to join two or more subjects in a sentence. Let us consider the following example:

Incorrect: The dog and the cat chases the mouse.

Correct: The dog and the cat chase the mouse.

In the incorrect example, the verb “chases” does not agree with the plural subject “dog and cat.” The correct version should have been “chase” to agree with the plural subject.

Another crucial aspect when it comes to using “and” to connect two or more subjects in a sentence is to determine if the subjects are joined with the conjunction as singular or plural. This is especially important when dealing with compound subjects. Let us take a look at the following example:

Incorrect: The dog and the cat is sleeping.

Correct: The dog and the cat are sleeping.

In the incorrect example, the singular verb “is” does not agree with the plural subject “dog and cat.” The correct version should have been “are” to agree with the plural subject.

However, if the two subjects joined by “and” are considered a single unit, then a singular verb should be used. Here is an example:

Correct: The bread and butter is my favorite breakfast.

In this example, “bread and butter” is considered as a single unit, and therefore a singular verb “is” is used.

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement using “and” is a significant aspect of English grammar that must be considered to ensure clarity and cohesiveness. Always remember that a singular subject requires a singular verb, and a plural subject requires a plural verb. Moreover, it is essential to determine whether the subjects joined by “and” are considered singular or plural to use the correct verb form. By following these rules, you can avoid any grammatical errors in your writing and enhance its readability.

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